Our Flower of the Month November, the Chrysanthemum, is a true autumn bloomer and one of the most popular flowers in the world. This is probably due to its versatility, as the flowers are available in many forms and colours, making it a suitable option for almost every arrangement!
Did you know that the Chrysanth is originally from China and believed to have special powers? Powers so special that the blooms could only belong to rich people. These days, the still very popular flower stands for ‘nobleness’ and the Chinese even named a city after it. ‘Chrysanthemum city’ is the literal translation of Ju-Xian, better known as Xiaolan Town or Zhongshan City.
In Japan, the blooms are also loved by many. Therefore, they are still displayed on Japanese passports and coins. Japanese consider the Chrysanth as a symbol of a long and happy life.
The name Chrysanthemum derives from the Greek words ‘Chrys’ and ‘Anthemon’ – which stands for ‘gold-coloured’ and ‘flower’ i.e. golden bloom. This refers to the original colour of the bloom.
There are loads of cultivars known when it comes to the Chrysanthemum. To keep it simple, these thousands of cultivars are classified into 10 groups. A few of the most common ones are the single or fully double types, small pompom blooms and spider Chrysanthemums, made up of many long and curled petals. Besides being a cut flower, the Chrysanth is also bred as a potted flower. It’s hard to pick a favourite out of all these possibilities!
Chrysanth care tips
As with all cut flowers: recut the stems and remove all foliage that will end up below the waterline. Your local florist will also supply you with cut flower food, which will help the flower heads to open fully and keeps the leaves fresh. The vase life of Chrysanthemums is usually very good: it can last up to 14 days, depending on the cultivar.